The emergence of Latina/o/x/e Studies as an autonomous academic field is relatively recent when measured against the “traditional” disciplines. Its origin is generally attributed to the 1960s minoritized students’ activism in the multiple contestatory movements of recovery and repositioning, which emerged to challenge dominant histories and structural conditions that marginalized ethnoracial communities in the United States. In its original incarnation, its academic programs were organized around nationality and largely bi-coastal, representing the demographically dominant Latine groups at that time and their most significant geopolitical locations. Ongoing population flows, U.S. politics of identity and recognition, globalization, and the diversification of Latine migration and settlement across the nation generated umbrella identity arrays--Hispanic, Latino, Latinx, Latina/o, Latine—that, along with national identifiers, now encompass the population’s variety.
Read full story published in the January 2023 issue of Hispanic Outlook on Education.